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The information provided on this page is a basic outline of Minnesota Child Care requirements that pertain to the design and construction of Child Care Facilities in the State of Minnesota. This information is a brief synopsis and does not include all of the detailed requirements needed to satisfy the governing authorities for Child Care Licensing, Building Code, Fire Code, Accessibility, or local Zoning. These guidelines are for general information and planning purposes. Contact the governing authority directly or engage a Licensed Architect to complete a full analysis of your school location.

 MINNESOTA Child Care Licensing Requirements

 Child Care license obtained from:

Minnesota Department of Human Services Division of Licensing

444 Lafayette Road North, St. Paul, MN 55155-3842 

https://www.revisor.mn.gov/rules/?id=9503

(651) 431-6500 

License renewal: A 6 months provisional license is initially required. Regular license required once every 2 years.

 

Indoor Space Requirements: 35 sf per child 

  

Infants

Toddlers

Preschool

School Age

Required

Teacher: Child Ratio

1:4

1:7

1:10

1:15

Required

Max. Group Size

8

14

20

30

Recommended 

Classroom Capacity

8

12

16

20

Recommended 

Staff per Classroom

2

2

2

2

Recommended 

Min. Classroom Area

280 sf.

490 sf.

700 sf.

1050 sf.

 Outdoor Space Requirements: 75 sf per child 

  • A child care must have an outdoor activity area at least 1,500 square feet and there must be at least 75 square feet of space per child within the area at any given time.
  • The outdoor area must be enclosed if it is located adjacent to traffic, rail, water, machinery, or other environmental hazards unless the area is a public park or playground.
  • Outdoor space has to have at least 75 sf per child.

 Building Code Requirements 

child care child toilet child care adult toilet child care drinking fountain child care mop sink child care bath tub

CHILD

FIXTURES

ADULT

FIXTURES

DRINKING FOUNTAINS

MOP

SINK

BATH TUB/

SHOWER

1: 15

1:50

1:100

1

1

2015 Minnesota Building Code

 Fire Code Requirements 

68

A minimum temperature of 68 degrees Fahrenheit must be maintained in indoor areas used by children.

1,040

A director must have at least 1,040 hours of paid or unpaid staff supervision experience.

12

There should be one changing table for every group of 12 infants.

2015 Minnesota Fire Code

 Did you know . . . 

child care playground A child care must-have storage for each child’s personal belongings. child care infant Hallways, stairways, clothes, utility rooms, water closets, kitchens, ect, are not allowed to have cribs. child care 30 minutes Fire extinguishers must be serviced annually by a qualified inspector.

 To access Minnesota Child Care requirements along with other states please see our interactive Child Care Requirements US map here.

 Research completed by Calbert Design Group, LLC.  Updated 2019